FSI Mandarin

Traveling in China, unit 6

Reference list

汉语很复杂,学起来大概很难?!Chinese is very complicated. It must be very difficult to study?!
Hànyǔ hěn fùzá, xuéqilai dàgài hěn nán?!
放心吧!我相信你可以学的很好。Don't worry! I'm convinced you can learn it very well.
Fàngxīn ba! Wǒ xiāngxìn nǐ kěyi xuéde hěn hǎo.
中东的伊斯兰教和新疆的伊斯兰教是不是很不一样?Is the Islam of the Middle East very different from the Islam of Xinjiang?
Zhōngdōngde Yīsīlánjiào hé Xīnjiāngde Yīsīlánjiào shì bu shi hěn bù yíyàng?
这是一个相当复杂的问题,我们讨论讨论。This is a very difficult question. We can discuss it.
Zhèi shi yíge xiāngdāng fǔzáde wèntí, wǒmen tǎolùn tǎolùn.
新疆和内地是什么时候统一的?When was Xinjiang united with the interior?
Xīnjiāng hé nèidì shi shénme shíhou tǒngyīde?
嗯…第一次统一差不多是公元前六十年的时候。Uh... the first time they were unified was in about 60 B.C.
Ng... dìyīcì tǒngyī chàbuduō shi gōngyuán qián liùshíniánde shíhou.
解放战争的时候,解放军解放了新疆,是不是?During the War of Liberation the PLA liberated Xinjiang, right?
Jiěfàng Zhànzhēngde shíhou, Jiěfàngjūn jiěfàngle Xīnjiāng, shì bu shi?
新疆是和平解放的,解放军是四九年到新疆去的。Xinjiang was peacefully liberated. The PLA went to Xinjiang in 1949.
Xīnjiāng shi hépíng jiěfàngde, Jiěfàngjūn shi sìjiǔnián dào xīnjiāng qùde.
五个自治区的生活情况和内地差很多吗?Are living conditions in the five autonomous reagions very different from those in the interior?
Wǔge zìzhìqūde shēnghuó qíngkuàng hé nèidì chà hěnduō ma?
嗯,主要是交通不方便。别的生活方面呣,也差一点儿。Well, it's mainly that transportation is difficult. As for other aspects of daily life, they're somewhat below standard too.
Ng, zhǔyào shi jiāotōng bù fāngbiàn. Biéde shēnghuó fāngmian me, yě chā yīdiǎnr.
他们是到上海去出差吗?Did they go to Shanghai on business?
Tāmen shi dào Shànghǎi qù chū chāi ma?
不,不是放假了吗?有的干部的家在上海, 他们回家去看看。No. We are on vacation now, remember? Some of the cadres' families are in Shanghai, so they went home to visit.
Bù, bú shi fàng jià le ma? Yǒude gànbude jiā zài Shànghǎi, tāmen huí jiā qù kànkan.
啧!这条地毯真美!是维吾尔地毯吗?Ah! This carpet is just beautiful! Is it a uygur carpet?
Tz! Zhèitiáo dìtǎn zhēn měi! Shi Wéiwúěr dìtǎn ma?
是。就是在你昨天参观的那个工厂做的。Yes. It was made in the factory you visited yesterday.
Shì. Jiùshì zài nǐ zuótiān cānguānde nèigè gōngchǎng zuòde.
你看,天刚亮,维吾尔农民就开始工作了。Look, it just got light and the Uygur peasants have already started to work.
Nǐ kàn, tiān gāng liàng, Wéiwúěr nóngmín jiu kāishǐ gōngzuò le.
各族人民都在打搞社会主义嘛!Sure, the people of all nationalities are going to all out with socialism!
Gèzú rénmín dōu zài dǎ gǎo shèhuìzhǔyì ma!
听说几位工人交给政府几本很老的书,你们看过了吗?I hear that some workers handed a few very old books over to the governement. Have you seen them?
Tīngshuō jǐwèi gōngrén jiāo gěi zhèngfǔ jǐběn hěn lǎode shū, nǐmen kànguo le ma?
看过了。都是关于种族问题,历史问题的,很有意思。Yes. They're about racial and historical problems. They're very interesting.
Kànguo le. Dōu shì guānyú zhǒngzú wèntí, lìshǐ wèntíde, hěn yǒu yìsi.
这个地区的畜牧业那么发达!This region's livestock farming is so well developed!
Zhèige dìqūde xùmuyè nàme fādá!
所以我们在这儿办了好几个地毯厂。That's why we've set up a lot of carpet factories here.
Suǒyi wǒmen zài zhèr bànle hǎojǐge dìtǎnchǎng.
你们的文字那么难!搞文化交流度不容易。Your system of writing is so hard! It makes cultural exchange so difficult!
Nǐmende wénzì nàme nán! Gǎo wénhuà jiāoliú duó bù róngyi.
谁说的,我们的文字不是在改吗?越改越简单嘛!Says who! Aren't we changing our writing? The more we change it the simpler it is.
Shéi shuōde, wǒmende wénzì bú shi zài gǎi ma? Yuè gǎi yuè jiǎndān ma!

Vocabulary

边疆【biānjiāng】 border area; borderland; frontier; frontier region.
【chà】 differ from; fall short of; wrong; wanting; short of; not up to standard; poor.
【chǎng】 factory; mill; plant; works; yard; depot.
出差【chūchāi】 be away on official business; be on a business trip.
放假【fàngjià】 have a holiday or vacation; have a day off.
复杂【fùzá】 complicated; complex.
干部【gànbù】 cadre.
工厂【gōngchǎng】 factory; mill; plant; works.
工人【gōngrén】 worker
公元【gōngyuán】 the Christian era; A.D.
公元后【gōngyuánhòu】 A.D.
公元前【gōngyuánqián】 B.C.
汉语【hànyǔ】 Chinese (language).
和平【hépíng】 peace; mild; to be peaceful
【jiāo】 hand over; give up; deliver; (of places and periods of time) meet; join; reach (a certain hour or reason); cross; intersect; associate with; friend; acquaintance; friendship; have sexual intercourse; mate; breed; mutual; reciprocal; each other; together; simultaneous; business transaction; deal; bargain; fall.
·教【·jiào】 religion; church (bound form)
交流【jiāoliú】 exchange; interflow; interchange; /elec./ alternating.
交通【jiāotōng】 traffic; transportation; travel; communications; liaison; liaison man.
解放军【jiěfàngjūn】 People's Liberation Army (PLA; the Chinese army).
【liàng】 (to be) bright; light.
【ma/me】mm, ahem
【zé[tz]】 [tsk] click of the tongue (disappointemnet, admiration, hesitation, etc)
维吾尔【wéiwú'ěr】 (the) Uighur (nationality)
文字【wénzì】 characters; script; writing; written language; writing (as regards form or style)
相信【xiāngxìn】 to believe (in); to be convinced (that); to have faith in.
畜牧业【xùmùyè】 livestock farming; animal husbandry; graziery; stockbreeding.
伊斯兰教【Yīsīlánjiào】 Islam; Islamism; the Islamic religion
战争【zhànzhēng】 war; warfare.
浙江【zhèjiāng】 Zhejiang (province in eastern China)
中东【zhōngdōng】 the Middle East.
种族【zhǒngzú】 race.
主义【zhǔyì】 doctrine; -ism; principle (bound form)
自治区【zìzhìqū】 autonomous region
·族【·zú】 nationality (bound form)