FSI Mandarin

Traveling in China, unit 5

Reference list

中国煤炭资源不少,产量很高。China's coal resources are large and output is high.
Zhōngguó méitàn zīyuán bù shǎo, chǎnliàng hěn gāo.
是,现在中国煤炭产量在世界上占第三位。Yes, China's coal output ranks third in the world.
Shì, xiànzài Zhōngguó méitàn chǎnliàng zài shìjièshang zhān dìsānwèi.
从前中国的石油大部分在离边境不远的地方。In the past, China's oil was mostly in places out near the border.
Cóngqián Zhōngguóde shíyóu dàbùfen zài lí biānjìng bù yuǎnde dìfang.
现在沿海一带的石油也发展起来了。Now oil in the coastal region is starting to be developed.
Xiànzài yánhǎi yīdàide shíyóu yě fāzhǎnqilai le.
这个矿区的金属工业是什么时候开始有的?When did the metal industry in this mining area begin?
Zhèige kuàngqūde jīnshǔ gōngyè shi shénme shíhou kāishǐ yǒude?
八十年代。机械工业也是八十年代才有的。In the eighties. There wasn't a machine industry until the eighties either.
Bāshi niándài. Jīxiè gōngyè yě shi bāshi niándài cái yǒude.
在过十年,到九十年代初,这个国家大概会变成一个经济强国。In another ten years, in the early nineties, this country will probably become an economic power.
Zài guò shínián, dào jiǔshi niándài chū, zhèige guójiā dàgài huì biànchéng yīge jīngji qiángguó.
不行,起码得再过二十年。No, it will be at least another twenty years.
Bù xíng, qǐmǎ děi zài guò èrshínian.
这位在国外有名的工程师,回国以后怎么样啦?What happened when this engineer who was famous abroad went back to his country?
Zhèwèi zài guówài yǒu míngde gōngchéngshī, huí guó yǐhòu zěnmeyàng la?
回国以后一直搞重工业方面的技术工作。He has been doing technical work in heavy industry since he returned to his country.
Huí guó yǐhòu yìzhí gǎo zhòng gōngyè fāngmiànde jìshù gōngzuò.
不就是日本,现在各国都很关心中国沿海的经济建设。Not only Japan, all countries are now interested in the economic construction of the China's coast.
Bù jiù shi Rìběn, xiànzài gèguó dōu hěn guānxīn Zhōngguo yánhǎide jīngji jiànshè.
是。已经有许多国家想和中国一起在那一带成立新的公司。Yes, there are already many countries which are thinking of establishing new companies with China in that area.
Shì. Yǐjīng yǒu xǔduō guójiā xiǎng hé Zhōngguó yìqǐ zài nèi yīdài chénglì xīnde gōngsī.
听说这个农业区已经有力量发展工业了。I hear that this agricultural area already has the capability to develop it's industry.
Tīngshuō zhèige nóngyèqū yǐjīng yǒu lìliàng fāzhǎn gōngyè le.
近十年来,这个地区的农业生产搞的不错,收入不少,搞了一点儿轻工业。Over the past ten years, agricultural production in this area has been good and income has been high, so some light industry was set up.
Jìn shínián lái, zhèige dìqūde nóngyè shēngchǎn gǎode bú cuò, shōurù bù shǎo, gǎole yīdiǎnr qīng gōngyè.
听说二十年前有很多年轻人到了那个没有人的穷地方。I heard that twenty years ago a lot of young people came to that poor and unpopulated place.
Tīngshuō èrshinián qián yǒu hěn duō niánqīng rén dàole nèige méiyǒu rénde qióng dìfang.
是啊!可是现在政府可以放心了。那个地方已经算建设的不错了。Yes, but now the governement need not worry anymore. That place can be considered to have been pretty well built up.
Shì a! Kěshi xiànzài zhèngfǔ kěyi fàngxīn le. Nèigè dìfang yǐjīng suàn jiànshède bú cuò le.
总的来说吧,这个城市的变化是很大的。Generally speaking, the changes in this city have been great.
Zǒngde lái shuō ba, zhèige chéngshìde biànhuà shi hěn dàde.
是啊,站在市中心的大楼上看看,我都不认识了!Yes, standing on the top of the building in the center of the city, looking out, I don't recognize anything anymore!
Shì a, zhàn zài shì zhōngxīnde dàlóushang kànkan, wǒ dōu bú rènshi le!
许多经济力量比较弱的国家很感谢中国的帮助。Many countries with relatively weak economies are grateful for China's help.
Xǔduō jīngji lìliàng bǐjiào ruòde guójiā hěn gǎnxiè Zhōngguóde bāngzhù.
我们也是一个发展中的国家,可是我们很高兴帮其它国家搞经济建设。We're still a developing country, too, but we're happy to help other countries in economical contruction.
Wǒmen yě shi yíge fāzhǎn zhōngde guójiā, kěshi wǒmen hěn gāoxìng bāng qítā guójiā gǎo jīngji jiànshè.

Vocabulary

吧【ba】 (marker of pause or hypothesis)
【bāng】 help; assist; side (of a boat, truck, etc.); upper (of a shoe); outer leaf (of cabbage, etc.); gang; band; clique.
变化【biànhuà】 change; vary.
边境【biānjìng】 border; frontier.
成立【chénglì】 found; establish; set up; be tenable; hold water.
·初【·chū】 at the beginning of; in the early part of; first (in order); for the first time; elementary; rudimentary; original; a surname.
放心【fàngxīn】 set one's mind at rest; be at ease; rest assured; feel relieved.
感谢【gǎnxiè】 thank; be grateful.
·各【·gè】 each; every; various; different.
工程师【gōngchéngshī】 engineer.
广东【guǎngdōng】 Guangdong; Canton (province in south China)
关心【guānxīn】 be concerned about; to care about; be interested in; care for.
海湾【hǎiwān】 bay; gulf.
黑龙江【hēilóngjiāng】 the Heilongjiang River; Heilongjiang (province in northeast China).
【jìn】 the past..., the last...; near; close; approaching; approximately; close to; intimate; closely related; easy to understand.
金属【jīnshǔ】 metal.
矿区【kuàngqū】 mining area.
力量【lìliang】 physical strength; power; force; strength.
煤炭【méitàn】 coal industry.
年代【niándài】 age; years; time; a decade of a century.
【qiáng】 (to be) strong; powerful; by force; better; slightly more than; plus
强国【qiángguó】 powerful nation; a power
起码【qǐmǎ】 at least; minimum; rudimentary; elementary
【qīng】(to be) light; small in number, degree, etc.; not important; gently; softly; rashly; belittle; make light of
轻工业【qīnggōngyè】 light industry.
【qióng】 poor; poverty-stricken; limit; end; thoroughly; extremely
其他【qítā】 other; else
·区【·qū】 area; district; region; an administrative division; distinguish; classify; subdivide
【ruò】 weak; feeble; young; inferior; /formal/ lose (through death); a little less than
山西【Shānxī】 Shanxi (province in north central China)
… (来) 说【láishuō】 speaking
四川【Sìchuān】 Sichuan (province in southwest China)
【suàn】 to consider; regard as; count as; calculate; reckon; compute; figure; include; count; plan; calculate; think; suppose; carry weight; count; at long last; in the end; finally
天津【TiānJīn】 Tianjin (muncipality southeast of Beijing)
·位【·wèi】 place; location; position; rank
许多【xǔduō】 many; much; a great deal of; a lot of.
沿海【yánhǎi】 along the coast; coastal; littoral.
【zhòng】 weight; heavy; weighty; important; considerable in amount or; value; deep; heavy; serious; lay stress; attach importance to; discreet.
中心【zhōngxīn】 centre; heart; core; hub.
资源【zīyuán】 natural resources; resources.
总的来说【zǒngdeláishuō】 generally speaking; on the whole; to sum up; in summary; in short.