FSI Mandarin

Traveling in China, unit 4

Reference list

万里长城真有一万里长吗?Is the Greate Wall of Ten Thousand Li really ten thousand li long?
Wànlǐ Chángchéng zhēn yǒu yīwàn lǐ cháng ma?
长城经过了好几个省,一共有一万二千里长。The Great Wall goes through many provinces and is altogether twelve thousand li long.
Chángchéng jīngguòle hǎojǐge shěng, yígòng yǒu yīwàn èrqiān lǐ cháng.
听说万里长城修过好几次了。I've heard that the Great Wall has been repaired a great many times.
Tīngshuō Wànlǐ Chángchéng xiūguo hǎojǐcì le.
是,从清朝到现在一直在修。Yes, from the Qin dynasty up until now, ther have been repairs all along.
Shì, cóng Qīngchāo dào xiànzài yìzhí zài xiū.
八达岭上的长城好像不是清朝建筑的。It seems to me that the Great Wall at Bādálǐng wasn't built during the Qin dynasty.
Bādálǐngshangde Chángchéng hǎoxiàng bú shi Qīngchāo jiànzhù de.
嗯,你说的对,是明朝重新建筑的。Mm, you're right. It was rebuilt from scratch during the Ming dynasty.
Ǹg, nǐ shuōde duì, shì Míngchāo chóngxīn jiànzhùde.
在历史上有这么多次用北京作首都。Throughout history Beijing has been used as a capital so many times.
Zài lìshǐshang yǒu zhènme duōcì yòng Běijīng zuò shǒudū.
那是因为地形好。That's because the terrain is good.
Nà shì yīnwei dìxíng hǎo.
这种地形比较容易防备北方来的侵略。This kind of terrain makes it easier to guard against invasion from the north.
Zhèizhǒng dìxíng bǐjiào róngyì fángbèi běifāng láide qīnlüè.
你们游览计划里有没有十三陵?Does your sightseeing plan include the Thirteen Tombs?
Nǐmen yóulǎn jīhuàlǐ yǒu méiyǒu Shísānlíng?
我知道你们建筑工作者对十三陵的地下宫殿很有兴趣,我们后天去。I know that all of you in architecture and engineering are very interested in the underground palaces at the Thirteen Tombs. We'll go the day after tomorrow.
Wǒ zhīdao nǐmen jiànzhù gōngzuòzhě duì Shísānlíngde dìxià gōngdiàn hěn yǒu xìngqu, wǒmen hòutiān qù.
除了古代中国建筑艺术以外,你们还想去看什么?What would you like to go see in addition to ancient Chinese architectural art?
Chúle gǔdài Zhōngguó jiànzhù yìshù yǐwài, nǐmen hái xiǎng qù kàn shénme?
听说有几个教堂也开门了。我们想去看看。I've heard that there are also some churches which have opened. We would like to go see them.
Tīngshuō yǒu jǐge jiàotáng yě kāi mén le. Wǒmen xiǎng qù kànkan.
我要到天安门去看看。坐几路公共汽车好?I want to go to the Gate of Heavenly Peace. What bus should I take?
Wǒ yào dào Tiān'ānmén qù kànkan. Zuò jǐlù gōnggòng qìchē hǎo?
星期天汽车可挤了。你最好走着去。It's Sunday and buses are really crowded. It would be best to walk.
Xīngqītiān qìchē kě jǐ le. Nǐ zuì hǎo zǒuzhe qù.
我很欣赏你们解放以后盖的十大建筑。I really admire the Ten Great Structures you've built since liberation.
Wǒ hěn xīnshǎng nǐmen jiěfàng yǐhòu gàide Shí Dà Jiànzhù.
你太客气了。You're too polite.
Nǐ tài kèqi le.
我们已经决定吃了饭以后去买东西。We've already decided that after we eat we're going shopping.
Wǒmen yǐjīng juédìng chīle fàn yǐhòu qù mǎi dōngxi.
好。从这儿穿过广场就有商店了。Okay, from here cross through the square and ther are some stores.
Hǎo. Cóng zhèr chuānguò guǎngchǎng jiù yǒu shāngdiàn le.
故宫一天看得完看不完?Can you see all of the Imperial Palace in one day?
Gùgōng yìtiān kàndéwán kànbùwán?
一天哪儿看得完!How could you see it all in one day?
Yìtiān nǎr kàndéwán!
谁去过中国,谁就会想着它。Whoever goes to China will always think of it.
Shéi qù guò Zhōngguó, shéi jiù huì xiǎngzhe ta.

Vocabulary

八达岭【bādálǐng】 Badaling (mountain northwest of Beijing, site of a famous section of the Great Wall)
·朝【·cháo】 dynasty; an emperor's reign; court; government; facing; towards.
朝代【cháodài】 dynasty.
重新【chóngxīn】 /adv./ again; anew; afresh.
穿过【chuānguò】 to pass through.
地形【dìxíng】 topography; terrain.
防备【fángbèi】 guard against; take precautions against.
【gài】 lid; cover; shell (of a tortoise, crab, etc.); canopy; affix (a seal); surpass; top; build; /formal/ approximately; /formal/ for; because; in fact; (a surname)
宫殿【gōngdiàn】 palace.
工作者【gōngzuòzhě】 worker.
广场【guǎngchǎng】 public square; square.
古代【gǔdài】 ancient times; antiquity.
故宫【gùgōng】 the Imperial Palace.
【jǐ】 crowd; be crowded; pack; cram; throng; jostle; push against; squeeze; press.
建筑【jiànzhù】 build; construct; erect; building; structure; edifice; architecture.
教堂【jiàotáng】 church; cathedral.
决定【juédìng】 decide; resolve; make up one's mind; decision; resolution; determine.
【kě】 indeed; certainly; approve; can; may; need (doing); be worth (doing); fit; suit; /adv./ but; yet
【lǐ】 lining; inside; neighbourhood; /formal>/ hometown; a Chinese unit of length (=0.5 kilometre)
明朝【míngcháo】(name of a dynasty) the M... Dynasty (1368-1644); (M...) (a surname)
欧洲【Oūzhōu】 Europe.
前门【qiánmén】(place in Beijing); front door
清朝【qīngcháo】 (name of a dynasty - Q...) the Q... Dynasty (1644-1911)
侵略【qīnlüè】 to invade; agression; invasion.
【shěng】 province; economize; save; omit; leave out
十三陵【shísānlíng】 the Thirteen (Ming) Tombs.
首都【shǒudū】 capital (of a country).
天安门【Tiān'ānmén】 (the Gate of Heavenly Peace)
天坛【Tiāntán】 the Temple of Heaven (in Beijing)
万里长城【wànlíchángchéng】 the Great Wall.
欣赏【xīnshǎng】 appreciate; enjoy; admire.
【xiū】 build; construct; embellish; decorate; repair; mend; overhaul; write; compile; trim; prune; /formal/ long; tall and slender.
颐和园【Yíhéyuán】 the Summer Palace (in Beijing).
艺术【yìshù】 art; skill; craft; conforming to good taste.
游览【yóulǎn】 go sight-seeing; tour; visit.