FSI Mandarin

Traveling in China, unit 1

Reference list

我们怎么称呼您好呢?How should we address you?
Wǒmen zěnme chēnghu nín hǎo ne?
来这里参观访问的人都叫我老王。People who come here to visit all call me Lao Wang.
Lái zhèli cānguān fǎngwènde rén dōu jiào wǒ Lǎo Wáng.
您想这件事怎么安排比较好?What do you think would be the best way to handle this?
Nín xiǎng zhèijiàn shì zěnme ānpái bǐjiào hǎo?
我想最好等我和上海方面联系一下再说。I think it would be best to wait until I've contacted Shanghai and then we'll see about it.
Wǒ xiǎng zuì hǎo děng wǒ hé Shànghǎi fāngmiàn liánxì yīxià zàishuō.
听说您对这一带的方言很有研究。I've heard that you're an expert on the dialect of this area.
Tīngshuō nín duì zhèi yīdàide fāngyán hěn yǒu yánjiū.
哪里!我只是了解一点儿,谈不到有研究。Oh, no! I just know a little about it; I could not say I'm an expert.
Nǎli! Wǒ zhǐshì liǎojiě yīdiǎnr, tánbùdào yǒu yánjiū.
现在中国用的石油大部分是自己生产的,对吧?China now produces most of the oil that it uses, isn't that right?
Xiànzài Zhōngguó yòngde shíyóu dàbùfen shi zìjǐ shēngchǎnde, duì ba?
不,全部是自己生产的。No, they produce all of it.
Bù, quánbù shi zìjǐ shēngchǎnde.
大部分北方人都会说普通话,对不对?Most notherners can speak the standard language, can't they?
Dàbùfen běifāng rén dōu huì shuō pǔtōnghuà, duì bùduì?
噢,不只是北方人,很多南方人的普通话也不错。Oh, not just northerners. A lot of southerners speak standard Chinese pretty well, too.
Òu,bù zhǐ shi běifāng rén, hěn duō nánfāng rénde pǔtōnghuà yě bù cuò.
明天我就从深圳离境了。Tomorrow I'm going to leave the country from Shenzhen.
Míngtiān wǒ jiù cóng Shēnzhèn lí jìng le.
哦,这么快!我还以为你能跟我们到苏州去玩儿几天呢!Oh, so soon! I thought you could go with us to Suzhou for a few days.
Ó, zhème kuài! Wǒ hái yǐwéi nǐ néng gēn wǒmen dào Sūzhōu qù wánr jǐtiān ne!
东北,西北你都去过了吧?You've been to Manchuria and the Northwest, haven't you?
Dōngběi, Xīběi nǐ dōu qùguò le ba?
在东北我只参观了大庆,西北还没去呢。In Manchuria I've only visited Daqing, and I haven't been to the Northwest yet.
Zài Dōngběi wǒ zhǐ cānguānle Dàqìng, Xīběi hái méi qù ne.
你先走好了,我就来。You go ahead and leave. I'll be right there.
Nǐ xiān zǒu hǎo le, wǒ jiù lái.
好。回头见. Okay. See you in a while.
Hǎo. Huí tóu jiàn。
这位学者研究的是哪方面的问题?What subject does this scholar study?
Zhèwèi xuézhě yánjiūde shi něi fāngmiànde wèntí?
她研究的主要是语言和语言学。She mainly studies languages and linguistics.
Tā yánjiū de zhǔyào shi yǔyán hé yǔyánxué.
在新疆内蒙一带没有很多人说普通话吧?In the region of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia not many people speak standard Chinese, do they?
Zài Xīnjiāng Nèiméng yīdài méiyǒu hěn duō rén shuō pǔtōnghuà ba?
对,在那些地方少数民族语言占主要的地位。Right. In those places the minority languages occupy the major position.
Duì, zài nèixiē dìfang shǎoshù mínzú yǔyán zhān zhǔyàode dìwei.
你们想去的地区全都去了吧?还有什么问题没有?Have you been to all the regions you wanted to go to? Do you have any more questions?
Nǐmen xiǎng qùde dìqū quán dōu qù le ba? Hái yǒu shénme wèntí meiyou?
没有什么问题了,旅行社的工作搞得很好,我们很满意。We don't have any more questions. The China Travel Service did a very good job and we're very pleased.
Méiyou shénme wèntí le, Lǚxíngshède gōngzuò gǎode hěn hǎo, wǒmen hěn mǎnyì.

Vocabulary

安排【ānpái】 arrange; plan; fix up.
北方【běifāng】 north; the northern part of the country especially the area north of Yellow River (Huang-He).
比较【bǐjiào】 compare; contrast; /adv./ fairly; comparatively; relatively; quite; rather.
参观【cānguān】 visit; look around.
称呼【chēnghu】 call; address; form of address.
大部分【dàbùfèn】 greater part; mostly
【dài】 zone; area; belt
大庆【DàQìng】 a city in Heilongjiang 黑龙江
地区【dìqū】 area; district; region; prefecture.
东北【dōngběi】 northeast; northeast China.
访问【fǎngwèn】 visit; call on; interview.
方言【fāngyán】 <gram.> dialect.
【gǎo】 do; carry; be engaged in; make; produce; work out; set up; start; organize; get; get hold of; secure; produce a certain effect or; result; cause to.
广西【guǎngxī】 Guangxi ( a province in south China)
桂林【GuìLín】 Guilin (a famous scenic city in Guangxi province (广西省) )
贵州【guìzhōu】 Guizhou ( a province)
华北【huàběi】 north of China
华南【huànán】 south of China
黄山【huángshān】 Mt. Huang (Huang Shan), a famous scenic mountain in Anhui province (安徽省)
回头见【huítóujiàn】 see you later (or again); cheerio
联系【liánxì】 to contact; a contact, connection; relation.
了解【liǎojiě】 understand; comprehend.
旅行社【lǚxíngshè】 (n) travel agency; travel bureau.
旅行团【lǚxíngtuán】 tour group
民族【mínzú】 ethnic group; nation; nationality.
南方【nánfāng】 south; the southern part of the country, esp. the area south of the Changjiang River; the South.
内蒙【NèiMěng】 inner Mongolia.
普通话【pǔtōnghuà】 the common (standard) language
【quán】 entirely; completely; complete; whole; entire; full; total; make perfect or complete; keep intact; (a surname)
全部【quánbù】 entire, whole; complete; total; all.
少数【shǎoshù】 small number; few; minority.
少数民族【shǎoshù mínzú】 minority nationality.
深圳【ShēnZhèn】 Shenzhen (a city in Guangdong province (广东省)
石油【shíyóu】 petroleum; oil.
西北【xīběi】 northwest.
新疆【xīnjiāng】 Xinjiang (an autonomous region of China)
学者【xuézhě】 scholar; learned man; man of learning.
以为【yǐwéi】 think (mistakenly); assume; believe; consider.
云南【Yúnnán】 Yunnan (Province)
语言【yǔyán】 language
语言学【yǔyánxué】 linguistics
...再说【zàishuō】 ...and then we'll see about it; put off until some time later; /conj./what's more; besides
【zhàn】 occupy; seize; take up; constitute; hold; make up; account for.
主要【zhǔyào】 main; mainly; chief; principal; major.