FSI Mandarin

Society, unit 6

Reference list

你要是想听故事的话,我给你讲一个呀!If you want to listen to a story, I'll tell you one.
Nǐ yàoshi xiǎng tīng gùshi- de huà, wǒ gěi ni jiǎng yíge ya!
算了。我们下棋吧!Forget it. Let's play chess.
Suàn le. Wǒmen xià qí ba!
听说解放以后,共产党作了些好事。I've heard that the Communist Party did some good things after liberation.
Tīngshuō , jiěfàng yǐhòu, Gòngchǎndǎng zuòle xiē hǎo shì.
嗯,有些政策是不错,有些不太好。Yes, some policies were all right, but some weren't too good.
Èng, yǒu xiē zhèngcè shì bú cuò, yǒu xiē bú tài hǎo.
老王的儿子入过团吗?Did Lǎo Wáng's son ever join the Communist Youth League?
Lǎo Wángde érzi rùguo Tuán ma?
没有,听说参加过红卫兵。No, but I've heard that he was in the Red Guards.
Méiyou, tīngshuō cānjiāguo Hóngwèibīng.
你听说了吗,老张的女儿爱上小王了。Have you heard? Lǎo Zhāng's daughter has fallen in love with Xiǎo Wáng.
Nǐ tīngshuō le ma, Lǎo Zhāngde nǚér àishang Xiǎo Wáng le.
这真是麻烦事儿,老张最恨王家的人。This is really trouble. Lǎo Zháng really hates the Wang family.
Zhè zhēn shi máfan shìr, Lǎo Zháng zuì hèn Wáng- jiāde rén.
如果你不介意得话,我想和你的秘书谈几分钟。If you don't mind, I'd like to talk with your secretary for a few minutes.
Rúguo nǐ bú jièyìde huà, wǒ xiǎng hé nǐde mìshu tán jifēn zhōng.
他在打字,马上就来。He's typing, he'll be here in a moment.
Tā zài dǎ zì, mǎshàng jiù lái.
这个孩子不像话,不管怎么说都不听。This child is too much. No matter what you say, he just doesn't listen.
Zhèige háizi bú xiàng huà, bù guǎn zěnme shuō dōu bù tīng.
对嘛,这哪儿像新中国的儿童。Yes, he's certainly no [not like any] child of "New China."
Duì ma, zhè nǎr xiàng Xīn Zhōngguóde ěrtóng!
这篇短篇小说写的是什么?What is this short story ahout?
Zhèipiān duǎnpiān xiǎoshuō xiěde shi shénme?
写的是一个农村干部的故事。It's the story of a cadre in a rural area.
Xiěde shi yíge nóngcūn gànbude gùshi.
你急急忙忙得,作什么去啊!What are you in such a hurry to go do?
Nǐ jí jímángmángde, zuò shénme qu a?
上学去啊!I'm going to school!
Shàng xué qu a!
政府是不是保护人们的财产?Does the government protect people's property?
Zhèngfǔ shì bu shi bǎohù rénmende cáichǎn?
是。政府实行保护人们财产的政策。Yes. The government is carrying out a policy of protecting people's property.
Shì. Zhèngfǔ shíxíng bǎohù rénmen cáichǎnde zhèngcè.
在共产党领导下,中国在世界上的地位有了很大的改变。Under the leadership of the Com­munist Party, China's position in the world has changed greatly.
Zài Gòngchǎndǎng lǐngdǎoxià, Zhōngguo zài shìjièshangde dìwei yǒule hěn dàde gǎibiàn.
十年来,这两个城市的工商业越来越发达了。In the past ten years industry and commerce in these two cities have hecome more and more developed.
Shínián lái, zhèi liǎngge chéngshìde gōngshāngyè yuè lái yuè fādá le.
这和政府的领导是分不开得。This can't he separated from the government's leadership.
Zhè hé zhèngfǔde lǐngdǎo shi fěnbukāide.

Vocabulary

爱【ài】 to love
爱上【àishang】 to fall in love
保护【bǎohù】 to protect
不管【bùguǎn】 no matter (what, whether etc.)
不像话【bùxiànghuà】 to be ridiculous, to be outrageous, to be absurd (talk, acts, etc.)
参加【cānjiā】 to participate in, to take part in, to join, to attend
城市【chéngshì】 city; urban
【dǎng】 (political) party
打字【dǎzì】 to type (on the typewriter)
·的话【·de huà】 if; in case; supposing that
短篇【duǎnpiān】 short (story, article)
儿童【értóng】 child (formal word)
【fēn】 to divide, to separate, to split
分开【fēnkāi】 to separate; to split up
干部【gànbù】 cadre.
共产党【gòngchǎndǎng】 the Communist Party
故事【gùshi】 story
【hèn】 to hate, to loathe, to detest
红卫兵【hóngwèibīng】 Red Guard
加入【jiārù】 to join
解放【jiěfàng】 to liberate; to emancipate; liberation
介意【jièyì】 to take offence; to mind
急急忙忙【jíjímángmáng】 in a big hurry
急忙【jímáng】 to be hasty, to be hurried
…来【…lái】for the past... (amount of time)
领导【lǐngdǎo】 to lead, to direct, to exercise leadership (over); leader, leading cadre; leadership
农村【nóngcūn】 country; rural area; rural; village.
【rù】 to enter; to join
入团【rùtuán】 to join the Communist Youth League
·上【·shang】(verb indicating starting and continuing)
上学【shàngxié】 to go to school; to attend school
世界【shìjiè】 world
世界上【shìjièshang】 in the world, in the whole world
实行【shíxíng】 to practice, to carry out, to put into practice (or effect); to implement
·团【·tuán】group, society
【tuán】the (Communist Youth) League
·下【·xià】 under
下棋【xiàqí】 to play chess
原因【yuányīn】 cause, reason
政策【zhèngcè】 policy
政府【zhèngfǔ】 government