FSI Mandarin

Society, unit 3

Reference list

你姐姐现在怎么对政治问题热心起来了?How is it that your older sister has become so interested and enthusiastic about political questions now?
Nǐ jiějie xiànzài zěnme duì zhèngzhi wèntí rèxīnqilai le?
这没有什么奇怪,她今年开始学政治学了。There's nothing strange about that, she started studying political science this year.
Zhèi méiyou shénme qíguài, tā jīnnián kāishǐ xué zhèngzhixué le.
你怎么不吃了?我的胃很难受,吃不下去了。Why aren't you eating? My stomach is uncomfortable, I can't eat anymore.
Nǐ zěnme bù chī le? Wǒde wèi hěn nánshòu, chību- xiàqù le.
那我去给你弄点儿汤来。I'll go get you some soup then.
Nà wǒ gěi ni nòng dianr tāng lai.
我去找小蓝聊天儿。I'm going to go look for Xiao Lán to have a chat.
Wǒ qù zhǎo Xiǎo Lán liáo tiānr.
你别去了,她一天到晚用功,没时间陪你聊天儿。Don't go, she works hard all day long and doesn't have the time to chat with you.
Nǐ nié qù le, tā yìtiān dào wǎn yònggōng, méi shíjiān péi ni liáo tiānr.
王家小蓝从来没有男朋友吗?Hasn't the Wáng family's Xiǎo Lán ever had a boy friend?
Wáng jiā Xiǎo Lán cónglái méiyou nánpéngyou ma?
她才十九岁,忙着念书,还没有想到这些事儿呢!She's only nineteen years old, busy studying, and hasn't thought of these things yet!
Tā cái shíjiǔsuì, mángzhe niàn shū, hái méiyou xiǎngdào zhèixie shìr ne!
我的小女儿两三岁的时候长哭,现在长大了,不再哭了。My youngest daughter cried a lot when she was two or three years old, but now she has grown up and doesn't cry anymore.
Wǒde xiǎo nǚér liǎngsānsuìde shihou cháng kū, xiànzài zhǎngdà le, bú zài kū le.
作父母的不应该重男轻女。Those who are parents shouldn't regard males as superior to females.
Zuò fùmǔde bù yīnggāi zhòng nán qīng nǚ.
对。作孩子的也应该孝顺父母。Right. And those who are children should show filial obedience to their parents.
Duì. Zuò háizide yě yīnggāi xiàoshun fùmǔ.
你弟弟白天在家吗?Is your younger brother at home during the day?
Nǐ dìdi báitiān zài jiā ma?
不在,你等到晚上在打电话来吧。No, wait until the evening and then call him.
Bú zài, nǐ děng dào wǎnshang zài dǎ diànhuà lai ba.
中国人从来不讲男女平等吗?Didn't the Chinese ever stress equality between men and women?
Zhōngguo rén cónglái bù jiǎng nánnǚ píngděng ma?
说到男女平等,那是最近几十年的新观念。As for equality of the sexes, that's a new concept of the last few decades.
Shuōdao nánnǚ píngděng, nà shi zuìjìn jǐshíniánde xīn guānniàn.
大家庭有什么好?怎么不好?人多,赚钱的人也多嘛!What's good about large families? What could be bad about them? After all, if there are more people, there are also more people earning money!
Dà jiātíng yǒu shénme hǎo? Zěnme bù hǎo? Rén duō, zhuàn qiánde rén yě duō ma!
要是所有的人都象您这样想,中国现在不知道有多少亿人了。If everyone thought the way you do, who knows how many hundreds of millions of people there would be in China now!
Yàoshi suǒyǒude rén dōu xiàng nín zhèiyang xiǎng, Zhōngguo xiànzài bù zhǐdào yǒu duōshao yì rén le!
你这次回国看到你老家的人了吗?Did you see the people in your hometown on this visit back to your country?
Nǐ zhèicì huí guó kàndao nǐ lǎojiāde rén le ma?
看到了。他们生活的不错,我老家也变成一个很热闹的地方了。Yes. They're living pretty well, and my hometown has become quite a bustling place.
Kàndao le. Tāmen shēng- huóde bú cuò, wǒ lǎojiā yě biànchéng yíge hěn rènaode dìfangr le.

Vocabulary

白天【báitiān】 daytime; day
【biàn】 to change; to become different
变成【biànchéng】 to turn into; to become
【cái】 only (before an amount)
·成【chéng】 into
吃不下去【chībuxiàqù】 cannot eat (not able to get down)
从来【cónglái】 ever (up till now); always (up till now)
从来 不/没【cónglái bù/méi】 never
·到【dào】 (resultative ending used for perception by one of the senses)
·到【dào】 (resultative ending used indicate reaching, often translated as about)
等到【děngdào】 to wait until; when; by the time
黑夜【hēiyè】 (darkness of the) night; nighttime
【jiǎng】 to stress; to pay attention to; to be particular about
家庭【jiātíng】 family
看到【kàndào】 to see
【kū】 to cry
【liáo】to chat
聊天【liáotiān】 to chat
【ma】 (marker of obviousness of reasoning)
难受【nánshòu】to be uncomfortable; to feel bad; to feel unhappy
【nòng (nèng)】 to do; to fool with; to get
弄来【nònglái】to get and bring
奇怪【qíguài】 to be strange; to be odd; to be surprising
·起来【qilai】 (resultative ending which indicates starting)
热心【rèxīn】 to be enthusiastic and interested; to be warmhearted; to be earnest
热心起来 【rèxīnqilai】 to become enthusiastic and interested
说到【shuōdào】 to speak of; as for
所有的…都【suǒyǒude】
想到【xiǎngdào】 to think of
孝顺【xiàoshùn】 to be filial; filial obedience
·下去【·xiàqu】 down (directional ending used for eating or drinking down)
【xīn】heart; mind
·亿【·yì】 hundred million
一天到晚【yītiāndàowǎn】all day long.
用功【yònggōng】 to be industrious; to be hardworking
有用【yǒuyòng】 to be useful
【zhǎng】 to grow
长大【zhǎngdà】 to grow up
重男轻女 【zhòngnán qīngnǚ】 to regard males as superior to females
赚钱【zhuànqián】 to make money; to earn money
最近【zuìjìn】 recently; soon
【zuò】 to be; to act as