FSI Mandarin

Society, unit 1

Reference list

今天我借到一本好小说。什么小说, 让你怎么高兴?Today I borrowed a good novel (from someone). What novel is it that makes you so happy?
Jīntiān wǒ jièdao yìběn hǎo xiǎoshuō. Shénme xiǎoshuō, ràng ni zènme gāoxìng?
这本小说写的是大陆的情况。关于大陆?借给我看看行不行?This novel is about the situation on the mainland. About the mainland? How about lending it to me to read?
Zhèiběn xiǎoshuō xiěde shi dàlùde qíngkuàng. Guānyú dàlùde? Jiè gěi wǒ kànkan xíng bu xíng?
下个学期你想研究什么?还是老问题:中国的政治情况。What are you going to do research on next semester? It's still the same old topic: the political situation in China.
Xiàge xuéqī nǐ xiǎng yánjiū shénme? Hái shi lǎo wèntí: Zhōng- guode zhèngzhi qíngkuàng.
昨天小明给他女朋友写信,写的好长!Yesterday Xiǎo Ming wrote a letter to his girl friend, and it was really long!
Zuótiān Xiǎo Ming gěi tā nǚpengyou xiě xìn, xiěde hǎo cháng!
年轻人总是年轻人。我年轻时候也是这样,你忘了?Young people are always young people. When I was young I was like that too, have you forgotten?
Niánqīng rén zǒng shi niánqīng rén. Wo niánqīngde shihou yě shi zhèiyang, nǐ wàng le?
暑假的时候,你想到哪儿去玩儿玩儿?Where do you want to go over summer vacation?
Shǔjiàde shihou, nǐ xiǎng dào nǎr qu wánrwanr?
我想到亚洲几个国家去看看。I'd like to go visit a few countries in Asia.
Wǒ xiǎng dào Yàzhōu jǐge guójiā qu kànkan.
怎么,你想研究亚洲的文化传统?Oh? Do you want to do research on Asia's cultural tradition?
Zěnme, nǐ xiǎng yánjiū Yàzhōude wénhuà chuántǒng?
不能说研究。我只是想去看看那里的社会情况。It can't be called research. I just want to go have a look at the social situation there.
Bù néng shuō yánjiū. Wǒ zhǐ shi xiǎng qù kànkan nàlide shèhuì qíngkuàng.
老王,我今天感觉很不舒服。快坐下,我去给你倒杯茶来。Lao Wáng, I feel awful today. Sit down and I'll go pour you a cup of tea.
Lǎo Wáng, wǒ jīntiān gǎnjué hěn bu shūfu. Kuài zuòxia, wǒ qù gěi ni dào bēi chá lai.
你去的那个地方政治,经济方面的情形怎么样?What was the political and economic situation like where you went?
Nǐ qùde nèige dìfang zhèngzhi, jīngji fāngmiànde qíngxing zěnmeyàng?
几句话说不清楚有时间我再跟你慢慢儿说吧。I can't explain it clearly in just a few sentences; when I have time I'll tell you all about it.
Jǐjù huà shuōbuqǐngchu, yǒu shíjiān wǒ zài gēn ni mànmānr shuō ba.
研究中国现在的问题一定得懂得中国历史。To study the problems of China now, you have to understand Chinese history.
Yánjiū Zhōngguo xiànzàide wèntí yídìng děi dǒngde Zhōngguó lìshǐ.
你说的这一点很要紧,我考虑考虑。This point of yours is very important; I'll think it over.
Nǐ shuōde zhèiyidiǎn hěn yàojīn, wǒ kǎolǜ kǎolǜ.
你在中国住两年,一定会学好中文的。If you live in China for two years, you're sure to learn Chinese very well.
Nǐ zài Zhōngguo zhù liǎngnián, yídìng huì xuéhǎo Zhōngwénde.
是啊,一方面可以学好中文,一方面也可以多知道一点儿中国的事情。Yes, on the one hand I can learn Chinese well, and on the other hand I can find out more things about China.
Shì a, yìfāngmiàn kéyi xuéhǎo Zhōngwén, yìfāngmiàn yě kéyi duō zhīdao yidiǎnr Zhōngguóde shìqing.

Vocabulary

情形【qíngxíng】circumstances; situation; condition; state of affairs.
说不清楚【shuōbùqīngchǔ】hard to explain.
慢慢【mànmàn】slowly; gradually; taking ones time; in all details
懂得【dǒngde】understand; know; grasp.
【diǎn】drop (of liquid); spot; dot; speck; dot stroke; <math.> point; decimal point; point; a little; a bit; some; aspect; feature; put a dot; touch on very briefly; slim; drip; sow in holes; check one by one; select; choose; hint; point out; light; burn; kindle; o'clock; appointed time.
考虑【kǎolǜ】think over; consider.
【huì】might; will; get together; assemble; meet; see; meeting gathering; party; get-together; conference; association; society; union; a temple fair; an association of people who regularly contribute to a common fund and draw from it by turns; chief city; capital; opportunity; occasion; understand; grasp; can; be able to; be good at; be skillful in; be likely to; be sure to; pay (foot) a bill; a moment.
一方面【yīfāngmiàn】one side; on the one hand.., on the other hand; for one thing..., for another....
一边(儿)…一边(儿)【yībiān ér... yībiān ér】doing... while doing...
一面…一面【yī miàn yī miàn】doing... while doing...